Impact of Exogenous Abscisic Acid on Vine Physiology and Grape Composition of Cabernet Sauvignon / (Record no. 3235)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 03040nma a2200253 4500
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 2013 eng
022 ## - INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER
ISSN 0002-9254
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Transcribing agency Sonoma County Wine Library
041 ## -
-- eng
100 0# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Gabriel Balint.
245 10 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Impact of Exogenous Abscisic Acid on Vine Physiology and Grape Composition of Cabernet Sauvignon /
Statement of responsibility, etc by Gabriel Balint; Andrew G. Reynolds.
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Name of publisher, distributor, etc American Society for Enology and Viticulture,
Date of publication, distribution, etc 2013.
300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Type Journal article
490 0# - JOURNAL TITLE
Title of the journal American Journal of Enology and Viticulture
520 ## - ABSTRACT
Abstract In the Niagara Peninsula, cool years delay veraison, thus shortening the growing season and adversely affecting grape maturity. Exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) could potentially hasten veraison, and improve grape composition in cool and wet years. Two experiments were conducted in a Cabernet Sauvignon block in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, in 2008 and 2009. Both years were characterized by higher than average rainfall and lower temperatures. The first experiment was initiated one week preveraison and consisted of four treatments applied three times at two-week intervals: an untreated control and 300 mg ABA/L applied to the full canopy, clusters only, and leaves only. The second experiment had three treatments: 0 (control), 150, and 300 mg ABA/L applied to clusters only. In both years, the control still had clusters with 20% green berries two to four weeks after experiment initiation. Following treatment, berries had a lower ABA uptake rate than leaves. Both ABA rates hastened the onset of veraison. In both years the transpiration rate, leaf Ψ, and fruit composition were most affected in the leaves-only and whole canopy treatments. At harvest, Brix was higher and the berry weight was lower in the ABA treatments than the control. Total anthocyanins and total phenols also increased in most ABA treatments. Berries from clusters treated with the highest ABA rate showed a higher red-blue color intensity and also had highest anthocyanins and phenols content compared to berries from other treatments. The treated vines showed enhancement in individual anthocyanins and acetylated anthocyanins, with significant changes in the ratios of cyanidin, petunidin, and malvidin occurring among the treatments. Exogenous ABA was effective in accelerating onset of veraison and improving the grape composition of Cabernet Sauvignon.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Andrew G. Reynolds.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME Graduate Research Assistant.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME 3currently, Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center, Oregon State University, Central Point, OR 97502.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME Professor, Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, LS A1, Canada.
773 0# - SOURCE JOURNAL
Journal title American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.
Related parts (Vol.) 64. (No.) 1. 2013. (Pages.) 74-87.
Page numbers 74-87
Volume number 64
856 42 - ELECTRONIC LOCATION & ACCESS
URI http://ajevonline.org/content/64/1/74.abstract
991 ## - OAI IDENTIFIER
OAI set code AJEV
OAI set name American Journal of Enology and Viticulture
100 0# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
-- 12067
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
-- 5639
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
-- 22227
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
-- 12069
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
-- 12070
856 42 - ELECTRONIC LOCATION & ACCESS
-- Link to original article.

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