Ochratoxin A Production and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis of Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus tubingensis, and Aspergillus niger Strains Isolated from Grapes in Italy / (Record no. 45895)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 02712nma a2200301 4500
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 2006 eng
022 ## - INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER
ISSN 1098-5336
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Transcribing agency Sonoma County Wine Library
041 ## -
-- eng
100 0# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
Personal name Giancarlo Perrone.
245 10 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title Ochratoxin A Production and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis of Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus tubingensis, and Aspergillus niger Strains Isolated from Grapes in Italy /
Statement of responsibility, etc by Giancarlo Perrone.
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Name of publisher, distributor, etc American Society for Microbiology,
Date of publication, distribution, etc 2006.
300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Type Journal article
490 0# - JOURNAL TITLE
Title of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
520 ## - ABSTRACT
Abstract Ochratoxin A is a potent nephrotoxin and a possible human carcinogen that can contaminate various agricultural products, including grapes and wine. The capabilities of species other than Aspergillus carbonarius within Aspergillus section Nigri to produce ochratoxin A from grapes are uncertain, since strain identification is based primarily on morphological traits. We used amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) and genomic DNA sequences (rRNA, calmodulin, and β-tubulin genes) to identify 77 black aspergilli isolated from grape berries collected in a 2-year survey in 16 vineyards throughout Italy. Four main clusters were distinguished, and they shared an AFLP similarity of <25%. Twenty-two of 23 strains of A. carbonarius produced ochratoxin A (6 to 7,500 μg/liter), 5 of 20 strains of A. tubingensis produced ochratoxin A (4 to 130 μg/liter), 3 of 15 strains of A. niger produced ochratoxin A (250 to 360 μg/liter), and none of the 19 strains of Aspergillus “uniseriate” produced ochratoxin A above the level of detection (4 μg/liter). These findings indicate that A. tubingensis is able to produce ochratoxin and that, together with A. carbonarius and A. niger, it may be responsible for the ochratoxin contamination of wine in Italy.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Antonia Susca.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Amedeo Pietri.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Paola Battilani.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Giuseppina Mulè.
700 0# - ADDED ENTRY-PERSONAL NAME
PERSONAL NAME Antonio Logrieco.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME Istituto di Scienze degli Alimenti e della Nutrizione, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, I-29100 Piacenza, Italy.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME Institute of Sciences of Food Production, CNR, Via G. Amendola 122/O, I-70126 Bari, Italy.
710 2# - ADDED ENTRY-CORPORATE NAME
CORPORATE NAME Istituto di Entomologia e Patologia Vegetale.
773 0# - SOURCE JOURNAL
Journal title Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
Related parts (Vol.) 72. (No.) 1. 2006. (Pages.) 680-685.
Page numbers 680-685
Volume number 72
856 42 - ELECTRONIC LOCATION & ACCESS
URI http://aem.asm.org/content/72/1/680.abstract
991 ## - OAI IDENTIFIER
OAI set code AEM
OAI set name Applied and Environmental Microbiology
100 0# - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME
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856 42 - ELECTRONIC LOCATION & ACCESS
-- Link to original article.

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