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Effects of elevated temperature in grapevine. I Berry sensory traits (pages 95–106) /

by V.O. Sadras; M.A. Moran and M. Bonada.
Material type: materialTypeLabelComputer fileSeries: Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research.Publisher: Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology, 2013ISSN: 1755-0238.Online resources: Click here to access online | Link to original article. | Click here to access online In: Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research (Vol.) 19. (No.) issue-1. 2013.Summary: Abstract Background and AimThermal decoupling results from the differential effect of temperature on the many components of biological systems from molecular to ecosystem scales. We tested the hypotheses that elevated temperature decouples berry sensory traits, and that this effect is cultivar-dependent. Methods and ResultsWe assessed 20 sensory traits in berries from a factorial field experiment combining two temperature regimes (elevated temperature and control) and four cultivars (Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay, Semillon and Shiraz) over two thermally contrasting seasons in the Barossa Valley. The thermal response had two elements: offset, which accounts for the average advancement (or delay) across traits, and decoupling, which measures the scatter in the response of the different traits. Large decoupling was generally associated with large offset (e.g. Cabernet Franc), but large decoupling was also observed with minor offset (e.g. Semillon). Two types of decoupling were identified: decoupling mostly driven by differential response between seed and other berry components, and decoupling with a dominant variation in traits within berry parts. ConclusionElevated temperature decoupled berry sensory traits, and this effect was cultivar- and season-dependent. Significance of the StudyAwareness of the magnitude and type of decoupling would likely contribute to viticultural and winemaking adaptations in warmer regimes.
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Abstract Background and AimThermal decoupling results from the differential effect of temperature on the many components of biological systems from molecular to ecosystem scales. We tested the hypotheses that elevated temperature decouples berry sensory traits, and that this effect is cultivar-dependent. Methods and ResultsWe assessed 20 sensory traits in berries from a factorial field experiment combining two temperature regimes (elevated temperature and control) and four cultivars (Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay, Semillon and Shiraz) over two thermally contrasting seasons in the Barossa Valley. The thermal response had two elements: offset, which accounts for the average advancement (or delay) across traits, and decoupling, which measures the scatter in the response of the different traits. Large decoupling was generally associated with large offset (e.g. Cabernet Franc), but large decoupling was also observed with minor offset (e.g. Semillon). Two types of decoupling were identified: decoupling mostly driven by differential response between seed and other berry components, and decoupling with a dominant variation in traits within berry parts. ConclusionElevated temperature decoupled berry sensory traits, and this effect was cultivar- and season-dependent. Significance of the StudyAwareness of the magnitude and type of decoupling would likely contribute to viticultural and winemaking adaptations in warmer regimes.

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